Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango, is a species of flowering plant in the sumac and poison ivy family Anacardiaceae. It is native to the Indian subcontinent where it is indigenous. Hundreds of cultivated varieties have been introduced to other warm regions of the world.
Scientific name: Mangifera indica
Higher classification: Mangifera
Did you know: The mango tree can grow up to 30 meters in height.
The mango is native to tropical Asia where it is known since ancient times. Evidence exists that in the 8th century it was a well- known fruit, grown in the warmest parts of China and Indochina. The early prominence of the mango in India comes to light by the fact that Akbar, the great Mughal of that country during the 16th century, possessed an orchard with 100,000 mango trees. By the 10th century, Persian traders brought it to the Middle East and Africa. Afterwards, it arrived in Europe during the 16th century. The Portuguese transported the mango fruit from Bombay to the South of Africa, and from there to Brazil and the Caribbean islands. Currently, it is cultivated throughout a wide range of countries, such as: India, Indonesia, United States (Florida), Mexico, Egypt, Brazil, the Philippines and in the Caribbean.
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